Paid Family and Medical Leave (PFML) programs can vary depending on your location. Learn about PFML and some facts about each state program.
What Is Paid Family and Medical Leave (PFML)?
- Paid Family and Medical Leave is a benefit that allows employees to take extended time away from work to care for a family member or for their own non-work-related serious health condition.
- Employees who take PFML receive a portion of their wages in a paid benefit during their absence. The benefit amount will vary depending on the employee’s average wages and based on the state PFML law.
How Can PFML Be Used?
In general, employees can take PFML to:
- Bond with a new child, through birth, adoption or foster placement
- Be a caregiver for an ill or injured relative
- Respond to certain family military-related events, depending on the state
- Tend to their own non-work-related disability
Who Pays for and Administers PFML?
- Eligible employees can apply for and receive these benefits through a state program, an insurance carrier, or their employer, depending on state rules and regulations.
- PFML programs are generally funded through payroll deductions from employees, employer contributions or a combination of both.
Where is PFML available?
Depending on where an employee works, some form of PFML may be required by state law. Some states require most private employers to provide employees with Paid Family Leave, Paid Medical Leave or both.
During the COVID-19 crisis, the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA), created in 2020, allowed some employees to take a Paid Family Leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act if they couldn’t work because they had to stay home with a child whose school or childcare center was closed. Certain tax credits of this temporary benefit were extended through September 30, 2021 to covered employers who voluntarily provide company COVID-19 FFCRA-type leave. Additionally, as of April 1, 2021, new leave reasons were also added, including for COVID-19 vaccine-related issues, an employee or someone in their care being subject to quarantine orders, or the employee having COVID-19 symptoms and seeking a diagnosis. Get more information on this temporary benefit at The Hartford’s COVID-19 Leave Law Guide.
It’s All About Location – States With Required PFML
While the benefits and reasons for Leave may be similar, states may have different titles for their programs. The length of Leave and weekly pay benefits also vary.
This “Fast Facts” guide provides a quick overview of current state programs.